How to perform CPR

Start with chest compressions:

  • The heel of one hand must be placed in the centre of the chest – which is the bottom half of the sternum or breastbone.
  • If in doubt of this position because of outer clothing, then remove or undo the outer clothing.
  • Place your other hand on top and clasp them together with your arms locked straight.
  • Push at a depth of 5 – 6 cm and at a speed of 100 – 120 compressions per minute.

Followed by rescue breaths:

  • After 30 chest compressions, give your casualty 2 rescue breaths.
  • The recognised methods for this action are either by mouth to mouth or mouth to nose.
  • Both breaths should not take longer than 5 seconds.
  • Repeat the process of 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths for as long as you are physically able. If there is another trained person with you, you can ask them to take over if/when you get tired.
  • If you are unable or unwilling to give 2 breaths for whatever reason, you must continue with chest compressions continuously and without delay.

Only Stop Resuscitation When:

  • The casualty begins to breath on their own.
  • The Emergency Services arrive to take over.
  • You are too exhausted to continue.


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