What causes nosebleeds?
The inside of your nose is full of tiny, delicate blood vessels that can become damaged and bleed relatively easily. Common causes of nosebleeds include:
- Picking your nose
- Blowing your nose very hard
- A minor injury to your nose
- Changes in humidity or temperature causing the inside of the nose to become dry and cracked
Nosebleeds aren’t usually serious. However, frequent or heavy nosebleeds may indicate more serious health problems, such as high blood pressure or a blood clotting disorder, and should be checked.
- Sit the casualty down and lean them forward.
- Ask them to pinch the soft part of the nose as they lean forward.
- Apply this pressure for 20 minutes and then release slowly.
- Ask them to avoid rubbing or blowing their nose.
- If you are unable to stop the bleeding ask them to repeat the pinching process for a further 10 minutes.
- If the bleeding continues then you will need to seek medical advice.