The balance of nutrients that our bodies need to stay healthy


These provide most of the energy that we need. That includes energy for the basic actions that keep us alive (called the Basal Metabolic Rate) – for example, keeping the heart beating, enabling breathing, keeping blood circulating and for the production of hormones and enzymes and new tissues. Examples are bread, potatoes, rice or pasta.


These support many different functions, including blood clotting, maintaining an effective immune system, and allowing the body to absorb energy from foods. Fruit and vegetables are good sources of vitamins.


Calcium, which helps to build strong bones and teeth and iron, which helps the blood to carry oxygen around the body. Milk products are good providers of calcium and liver and shellfish are full of iron.


This promotes a healthy bowel and helps to remove waste products from the body. Fruit, vegetables, wholemeal bread, nuts and seeds are high in fibre.


This is important for the body’s cells and tissues to be repaired and replaced. You will find protein in milk products but also in meat, fish or beans.

Use to answer question 8.1b of the Care Certificate

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